The clinical trial example used in this case study is the same as in Case Study 2. For a detailed description of this clinical trial, see Case Study 2. The difference resides in the multiple testing strategy applied to the null hypotheses, that is based on the Hochberg-based gatekeeping procedure.
The four null hypotheses will be grouped into two families. The first
two hypotheses corresponding to the null hypotheses associated with the primary endpoint will be placed in the primary family and the
other two hypotheses corresponding to the null hypotheses associated with the secondary endpoint will be placed in the secondary family. This adjustment will be based on a gatekeeping procedure derived from the Hochberg-type tests applied to
the primary and secondary hypotheses and will be referred to as Procedure H.
The figure below provides a visual summary of the testing strategy used in this clinical trial. The circles in this figure denote the four null hypotheses of interest:
H1: Null hypothesis of no difference between Dose L and placebo with respect to Endpoint 1.
H2: Null hypothesis of no difference between Dose H and placebo with respect to Endpoint 1.
H3: Null hypothesis of no difference between Dose L and placebo with respect to Endpoint 2.
H4: Null hypothesis of no difference between Dose H and placebo with respect to Endpoint 2.
Define a Data Model
As the data model is exactly the same as the one specified in Case study 2, see Case Study 2 for a detailed description of the data model.
Define an Analysis Model
The analysis model includes the same four statistical tests as in Case Study 2
and the Hochberg-based gatekeeping procedure. The statistical tests are defined in exactly the same way as in Case study 2.
A multiple testing procedure known as the multiple-sequence gatekeeping procedure will be applied to account for the hierarchical structure of this multiplicity problem. This procedure belongs to the class of mixture-based gatekeeping procedures introduced in Dmitrienko et al. (2015). This gatekeeping procedure is specified by defining the following three parameters:
Families of null hypotheses (family): defines the allocation of the null hypotheses to the families, i.e., the first and second hypotheses are included in the primary family and the other two in the secondary family.
Component procedures used in the families (component.procedure): defines the component procedures used within the
gatekeeping procedure (Hochberg procedures are applied to both families).
Truncation parameters used in the families (gamma): specifies the truncation parameters used in the two families (gamma is set to 0.9 in the primary family and to 1 in the secondary family since the regular Hochberg procedure is used in the last family). These truncation parameters define an optimal gatekeeping procedure derived in this case study.
These parameters are then included in the MultAdjProc object and the Hochberg-based gatekeeping procedure is defined using the MultipleSequenceGatekeepingAdj method.
The mult.adj object is then added to the analysis model as in Case Study 2.
Define an Evaluation Model
This case study utilizes tradeoff-based optimization criteria based on disjunctive power and on simple weighted power. The latter can be
directly specified in the evaluation model using the WeightedPower method
with the hypothesis weights set to v1v11, v1v12, v2v21 and v2v22, respectively.
As for the tradeoff-based disjunctive criterion, it is not implemented by default
in the Mediana package and a custom function needs to be written and incorporated
into the evaluation model. The mult.cs3.TradeoffDisjunctivePower
function, defined below, calculates the probability of rejecting at least one hypothesis
in the primary family and at least one hypothesis in the secondary
family and then returns a weighted sum of these probabilities.
Finally, the built-in and custom criterion functions are incorporated into
the EvaluationModel object.
Perform Clinical Scenario Evaluation
Using the data, analysis and evaluation models, simulation-based Clinical Scenario Evaluation is performed by calling the CSE function:
Click on the icons below to download the R code used in this case study and report that summarizes the results of Clinical Scenario Evaluation: